- Alpha hydroxyl acid peels
- Beta Hydroxyl acid peels
- Jessner’s Peel
- Retinoic acid peel
- Trichloroacetic acid peels
- Phenol peels
Phenol is the strongest of chemical solutions and usually produces deep skin peel. Its effects are long lasting. Improvements in the patient’s skin are quite fast.
Chemical peels are risky and need to be administered by certified dermatologists or licensed estheticians. Light chemical peels can be done in medical offices. Medium peels are a bit more painful and require anesthesia. Classic deep chemical peels like Phenol are very painful and mostly done under general anesthesia. Chemical peels are sometimes done with dermabrasion or laser resurfacing for a more dramatic overall effect. Chemical peels may not be done if you have recently used Isotretinoin, had a recent facial surgery or facial radiation therapy, an impaired immune system or known allergies to certain medicines.
In general, the deeper the peel the greater the risk of side effects and complications like color change of the skin, crusting and scaling, swelling, infections, allergic reactions and increased sensitivity to sunlight. Chemical peels usually remove the upper layers of the skin thus it’s important to understand the risks and what results to expect. No technique is necessarily better than other, it all depends on the site you want to treat, your skin type and condition, your preferences and other factors.